BIRDS of THE WORLD - An Online Bird Book


Order Passeriformes    Family Maluridae

The Malurids look similar to wrens, but this is due to convergent evolution.  Their closet relatives are the Honeyeaters of family Meliphagidae and the Peep-wrens of family Pardalotidae. They are insectivorous, typically foraging in underbrush. They build domed nests in areas of dense vegetation.The grasswrens are well camouflaged with black and brown patterns, but other species often have brilliantly coloured plumage, especially in the males. They are found in Australia and New Guinea.

Genus Amytornis
The grasswrens resemble true wrens, especially when the raise their tails. However, they are unrelated; the resemblance is just due to convergent evolution.

Grasswren,_Black  Amytornis housei Found: Australia
The Black Grasswren has black with white stripes head, neck, upper-back, upper-breast; chestnut lower-back. Female belly dark chestnut.
Image by: 1, 2) Mark Sanders
1) Female 2) Male

Grasswren,_Carpentarian   Amytornis dorotheae  Found: Australia
The Carpentarian Grasswren is found almost exclusively on top of sandstone escarpments in the Northern Territory.
Image by: 1, 2) Brian_McCauley

Grasswren,_Dusky  Amytornis purnelli Found: Australia
The Kalkadoon Grasswren was formerly consider a subspecies of Dusky Grasswren. The wing coverts are brighter than wing coverts of the Dusky Grasswren.
Image by: 1) Peter Jacobs  2) Christopher Watson  3) Brian_McCauley

Grasswren,_Eyrean  Amytornis goyderi Found: central Australia
The Eyrean Grasswren has rufous-brown upperparts with light streaks; reddish head with white stripes; white arc below eye; whitish underparts with buff flanks.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Brian McCauley

Grasswren,_Gray  Amytornis barbatus  Found: Australia, New Guinea
The Gray Grasswren has brown upperparts with gray and white striations; white supercilium; black eye-line;
Image by: 1) David Greg Smith  2) Ron Knight

Grasswren,_Kalkadoon  Amytornis ballarae Found: Australia
The Kalkadoon Grasswren was formerly consider a subspecies of Dusky Grasswren. The wing coverts are brighter than wing coverts of the Dusky Grasswren.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Brian_McCauley

Grasswren,_Short-tailed  Amytornis merrotsyi  Found: Australia
Image by: 1) Ron_Knight  2) Brian_McCauley

Grasswren,_Striated  Amytornis striatus Found: Australia
The Striated Grasswren has soft reddish-brown upperparts; orange-buff fore supercilium; white throat; black moustachial stripe; buffy underparts.
Image by: 1) Brian_McCauley  2) Dan Eyles  3) Tony Morris 
4) Subspecies Rusty Grasswren (A. s. rowleyi). Restricted to areas of western Queensland

Grasswren,_Thick-billed  also  Western Grasswren  Amytornis textilis Found: Australia
The Thick-billed Grasswren has black-and-white striped upperparts.Female has chestnut patch on flanks.
Image by: 1, 2) David Cook - South Australis 3) julie_burgher

Grasswren,_White-throated  Amytornis woodwardi Found: Australia
Image by: 1) Henrik Gronvold  2) graeme chapman

Genus Chenorhamphus - 1 species

Fairywren,_Broad-billed  Chenorhamphus grayi  Found: New Guinea
It has been proposed to split the 2 subspecies of Chenorhamphus grayi into 2 species.
Image by: 1)

Genus Clytomyias - 1 species

Fairywren,_Orange-crowned  Clytomyias insignis  Found: New Guinea
The Orange-crowned Fairywren has olive-brown upperparts; orange head; brown wings;
Image by: 1) Katerina Tvardikova

Genus Malurus
The fairywrens are brightly colored, especially the males in breeding season. They have long tails and wren-like poses.

Fairywren,_Blue-breasted  Malurus pulcherrimus  Found: Australia
The breeding male Blue-breated Fairywren has blue crown, ear coverts, nape; red shoulders; dark blue throat; gray-brown wings, tail; pale underparts. Female and non-breeding male has mainly gray-brown plumage.
Image by: 1) Sam_Gordon  2) Tony Dudley  3, 4) Nik_Borrow
1) Non-breeding male 2) Molting male

Fairywren,_Emperor  Malurus cyanocephalus  Found: New Guinea
Image by: 1) Jerry Oldenettel

Fairywren,_Lovely  Malurus amabilis  Found: Australia
The breeding Lovely Fairywren has azure blue mantle, crown, ear coverts; black nape, throat, upper-breast; chestnut shoulders; white tiped dark-blue tail; white belly. Female has smokey blue upperparts, tail; turquoise ear coverts; dark gray wings; white underparts. Nonbreeding male resembles female or have a more gray-brown plumage.
Image by: 1) Brian_McCauley  2) Tom Tarrant 3) Malcolm Tattersall 
1) Female  2, 3) Male

Fairywren,_Purple-crowned  Malurus coronatus  Found: northern Australia
The breeding male Purple-crowned Fairywren has brown upperparts; purple crown ,tail; black nape, face; creamy-buff underparts. Nonbreeding male has gray crown. Female has blue tinged gray crown; chestnut ear-coverts; greenish-blue crown.
Image by: 1) David_Cook  2) Sunphlo  3, 4) Tom Tarrant
1) Female left, nonbreeding male right  2) Nonbreeding male   3) Breeding male

Fairywren,_Red-backed  Malurus melanocephalus  Found: Australia
The breeding male Red-backed Fairywren has manly black plumage; red back; brown wings. Female has brownish upperparts; paler underparts with whitish throat. Nonbreeding male resembles female.
Image by: 1) Tom Tarrant  2) David Cook  3) Paul_Balfe  4) Tom_Tarrant

Fairywren,_Red-winged  Malurus elegans  Found: Western Australia
The breeding male Red-winged Fairywren has silvery crown, mantle, ear coverts; red shoulders; gray tail; black breast-band; white belly. Nonbreeding males and females have mainly gray-brown plumage although males may have some blue and black feathers.
Image by: 1) Bruce_Ramsay  2) Cas Liber  3)  4) Paul_Balfe
1) Female  3) Breeding male

Fairywren,_Splendid Malurus splendens   Found: Australia
The breeding male Splendid Fairywren has mainly blue and black plumage. Females and nonbreeding males have mainly gray-brown plumage.
Image by: 1) Matlacha  2, 3, 4) Nik Borrow 5) Aviceda - Queensland, Australia  6) David_Cook
1, 2) Female  3 - 6) Male

Fairywren,_Superb Malurus cyaneus   Found: Australia
Image by: 1) Benjamint444  2) fir002  3, 7) David Cook   5) Nik_Borrow  6) JJ Harrison  4, 8) David_Cook
1) Pair  2, 3, 4) Female  4) nonbreeding male  6 - 8) Male

Fairywren,_Variegated  Malurus lamberti  Found: Australia
Image by: 1) Tom Tarrant - Queensland   2) Charlie Westerinen  3, 6) Laurie_Boyle   4) David Cook  5) James_Niland
1) Pair 2, 3) Female 4, 5, 6) Male


Fairywren,_White-shouldered  Malurus alboscapulatus  Found: New Guinea
The breeding male White-shouldered Fairywren has mainly black plumage with white shoulders. Female has black upperparts; white shoulders, underparts.
Image by: 1) Lars Peterrson

Fairywren,_White-winged  Malurus leucopterus  Found: Australia
The breeding male White-winged Fairywren has mainly vibrant blue plumage with white wings. Female has mainly sandy-brown plumage with light-blue tail.
Image by: 1) Andreas_Trepte  2) Nik_Borrow   3) Brian_McCauley  4) David Cook

Genus Sipodotus - 1 species

Fairywren,_Wallace's  Sipodotus wallacii  Found: New Guinea
Image by: 1) Joseph Wolf  2) Marcel Holyoak

Genus Stipiturus
The tail has only six feathers which are loose and coarse in structure, rather like the feathers of the emu. The tail is as long as the body.

Wren, Mallee Emu-  also  Mallee Emuwren   Stipiturus mallee  Found: nw Victoria, se South Australia
The male Mallee Emu-Wren has olive-brown upperparts with dark streaks; pale rufous crown; gray-brown wings; blue throat, upper-breast; cheeks. Female resembles male but without the blue plumage.
Image by: 1, 3) Nik_Borrow  2) Ron Knight 3) Tony Morris 
1) Female  2, 3, 4) Male

Wren, Rufous-crowned Emu-  also  Rufous-crowned Emuwren  Stipiturus ruficeps  Found: Australia
The male Rufous-crowned Emu-Wren has reddish upperparts; rufous crown; blue throat, ear coverts; gray-brown wings; buff underparts. Female similar to male but lack blue plumage and red is duller.
Image by: 1, 2) Brian_McCauley

Wren_ Southern_Emu- also  Southern Emuwren  Stipiturus malachurus  Found: Australia
The male Southern Emu-Wren has rusty brown upperparts with streaks of black; more reddish crown; gray-brown wings; blue throat, upper-breast, supercilium; pale red-brown rest underparts. Female lacks blue plumage; has redder crown.
Image by: 1) Leo   2, 3) David Cook - Croajingolong National Park, Victoria, Australia 
1) Female 2, 3) Male

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